Pop Quiz

    1. Who was Canada's first woman architect?

Answer. Marjorie Hill was Canada's first woman architect. She graduated from the University of Toronto School of Architecture in 1922.

    2. Who were the architects responsible for the Canadian Parliament Buildings?

Answer. The architects Thomas Fuller and Chilion Jones designed the original Central Block. The East and West Blocks were by the architects Thomas Stent and Augustus Laver. The Central Block was rebuilt according to the designs of John A. Pearson and J. Omer Marchand after being destroyed by fire in 1916.

    3. Which Canadian architect transformed his thesis project into the design for Habitat '67?

Answer. Moshe Safdie designed a revolutionary plan for modular housing while he was still a student at McGill University's School of Architecture. A design based on his thesis topic was executed near the Old Port of Montréal as part of Expo 67.

    4. What church in Halifax, Nova Scotia is known as the Round Church and who sponsored its construction?

Answer. St. George's Church (1800-01), a rare example of a round church building, was commissioned by Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, who lived in Halifax between 1794 and 1798.

    5. Which style is considered by some as the "Canadian style" for architecture. Hint: It is the style that was most common to the early railway company's grand hotels that appeared in from Vancouver, British Columbia to Saint Andrews, New Brunswick.

Answer. The "Chateau Style" was initially used by the large railway companies for their grand hotels that stretched from coast to coast. The style for these structures became so popular that Canadians and visitors to Canada recognized it as the style appropriate for the developing country. Today many public buildings also typify this style of architecture.

    6. Can you think of a building that would be considered as an example of vernacular architecure?

Answer. Most of us live in houses that were not designed by architects and these are all examples of what is known as vernacular architecture. Many of the unique qualities of a region's architecture can be found in its vernacular buildings. John Bland recorded many images of Canada's vernacular buildings.

    7. What government department was responsible for many of the official buildings in the early years of Canada's development?

Answer. The office of the Dominion Architect was responsible for designing many of the federal government's buildings in the years leading up to World War I. That explains why many post offices and other government structures look similar across Canada.

    8. What is a Flake?

Answer. A Flake is a simple wooden platform, built on the shore of a fishing village that is used to dry fish on. Flakes are common is many parts of Newfoundland.

    9. What former Prime Minister of Canada lives in an Art Deco style house designed by the architect Ernest Cormier?

Answer. Pierre Elliott Trudeau.

    10. Who was the architect for the following buildings
  1. Museum of Anthropology (Vancouver, BC)
  2. St. Mary's Church (Red Deer, Alberta)
  3. Saskatchewan Legislative Buildings (Regina, Sask)
  4. Fort Garry Hotel (Winnipeg, Man)
  5. National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa, ON)
  6. Molson Centre (Montréal, Québec)
  7. Christ Church Cathedral (Fredericton, NB)
  8. Dawson Post Office (Dawson City, YK)
Answer. (click here to see the correct responses):

    11. What is a citadel? Do any Canadian cities have citadels?

Answer. A citadel serves as a lookout point where, in times of military conflict, enemies can be seen approaching a city. Many cities in Canada have had citadels but two, Québec and Halifax, have developed their sites into parks.

    12. What is meant by the term boomtown architecture?

Answer. When cities such as those in western Canada developed very rapidly, almost overnight, the architecture of the city took on a specific look. Fronts of buildings, such as banks or other commercial establishments, were designed in a grand manner with the remainder of the building being much more humble. Examples of these types of towns still appear in developing regions of Canada.

    13. What is the most common building material in the Maritimes?

Answer. Because it is so readily available, and because of its insulation properties, wood is the most common building material in many parts of Canada, including the Maritimes.

    14.What do wigwams, longhouses, and igloos have in common?

Answer. These are the names for the domestic structures that Canada's first peoples, Indians and Inuit, lived in prior to European contact.

    15. Where can I go if I want to learn more about Canadian architecture?

Answer. Many excellent books on Canadian architecture are available at local and school libraries. Most books deal with a specific style, period, or region of Canada's architectural past however some texts offer an overview of the subject.

Building Canada C.A. 101 Overview Glossary