Marjorie Hill was Canada's first woman architect. She graduated
from the University of Toronto School of Architecture in 1922.
The architects Thomas Fuller and Chilion Jones designed the original
Central Block. The East and West Blocks were by the architects
Thomas Stent and Augustus Laver. The Central Block was rebuilt
according to the designs of John A. Pearson and J. Omer Marchand
after being destroyed by fire in 1916.
Moshe Safdie designed a revolutionary plan for modular housing
while he was still a student at McGill University's School of
Architecture. A design based on his thesis topic was executed
near the Old Port of Montréal as part of Expo 67.
St. George's Church (1800-01), a rare example of a round church
building, was commissioned by Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, who
lived in Halifax between 1794 and 1798.
The "Chateau Style" was initially used by the large
railway companies for their grand hotels that stretched from coast
to coast. The style for these structures became so popular that
Canadians and visitors to Canada recognized it as the style appropriate
for the developing country. Today many public buildings also typify
this style of architecture.
Answer. Most of us live in houses that were
not designed by architects and these are all examples of what
is known as vernacular architecture. Many of the unique qualities
of a region's architecture can be found in its vernacular buildings.
John Bland recorded many images of Canada's vernacular buildings.
The office of the Dominion Architect was responsible for designing
many of the federal government's buildings in the years leading
up to World War I. That explains why many post offices and other
government structures look similar across Canada.
Flake is a simple wooden platform, built on the shore of a fishing
village that is used to dry fish on. Flakes are common is many
parts of Newfoundland.
Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
A citadel serves as a lookout point where, in times of military
conflict, enemies can be seen approaching a city. Many cities
in Canada have had citadels but two, Québec and Halifax,
have developed their sites into parks.
Answer. When cities such as those in western Canada developed very rapidly, almost overnight, the architecture of the city took on a specific look. Fronts of buildings, such as banks or other commercial establishments, were designed in a grand manner with the remainder of the building being much more humble. Examples of these types of towns still appear in developing regions of Canada.
Because it is so readily available, and because of its insulation
properties, wood is the most common building material in many
parts of Canada, including the Maritimes.
14.What do wigwams, longhouses, and igloos
have in common?
These are the names for the domestic structures that Canada's
first peoples, Indians and Inuit, lived in prior to European contact.
15. Where can I go if I want to learn more
about Canadian architecture?
Answer. Many excellent books on Canadian architecture are available at local and school libraries. Most books deal with a specific style, period, or region of Canada's architectural past however some texts offer an overview of the subject.